James Alexander Chiles was born in Virginia, one of eight
children of Richard and Martha Chiles. He attended Lincoln University
in Pennsylvania and earned his J.D. degree from the University of
Michigan Law School.
When he moved to Lexington, Kentucky he became the first African
American to practice law there. He was also listed as a real estate
agent. In 1890 he opened his own law office at 304 W. Short Street.
His business was a success; by 1907, he was one of four African American
lawyers in the city.
In 1910 he argued in the Supreme Court case against the Chesapeake and
Ohio Railroad for desegregation of railroad coaches after he was removed
by force to the Colored coach in spite of his first class ticket from
Washington D.C. to Lexington.
Chiles was also an active member of the Colored Seventh Day Adventist
congregation in Lexington; he was a trustee, deacon, and treasurer of
the first church built in 1906 at the corner of Fifth and Upper Streets.
His wife, Fannie J. Chiles, was the first librarian for the church.
Read the courts ruling in J. Alexander Chiles, Plaintiff
vs. Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Company (argued April 18, 1910 --
decided on May 31, 1910) here:
-University of Kentucky